Dandruff: Causes and Remedies

Dandruff is a condition in which white scales of dead skin are shed by the scalp. When the skin cells of your scalp are renewed, the old ones are pushed out of the scalp. Normally, old skin cells die and new cells take their place approximately every month. Dandruff causes the cells to be sloughed off before they are dead.

Causes of Dandruff

– Dry skin: Dry skin and scalp are the most common cause of dandruff.

– Too oily scalp: Excessive production of oils from glands in the skin fuels the growth of Pityrosporum ovale fungus.

– Fungus called Pityrosporum ovale: This fungus normally lives on our bodies and scalp without causing issues but it can grow out of control. When this happens, the scalp becomes irritated and produces extra skin cells.

– Extreme temperatures and changes in climates: Low humidity conditions such as winter and dry indoor heating can cause dandruff.

– Not enough shampooing: If you don’t wash your hair regularly, oils and dead skin cells from your scalp can build up, causing dandruff

– Not enough brushing: Brushing aids the shedding of the skin.

– Reaction to hair care products: Hair styling and coloring products contain chemicals that can irritate your scalp. Improper use of hair coloring products and excessive use of hair styling products such as hair gels and hair sprays can cause dandruff.

– Poor diet: Deficiencies of zinc, B vitamins, and essential fats can cause dandruff. Too salty, spicy, or sugary foods and alcohol make dandruff worse.

– Certain skin conditions: People with psoriasis, eczema and some other skin disorders tend to get dandruff much more frequently than other people.

– Stress: Many research studies link between stress and dandruff.

Dandruff Treatment

– Use anti-dandruff shampoos that contain coal tar, salicylic acid, pyrithione zinc, sulfur, or selenium sulfide. Salicylic acid removes dead skin cells before they clump while coal tar slows cell production. Both tar and salicylic acid have antifungal properties. Pyrithione zinc, sulfur, and selenium sulfide reduce cell turnover.

– Clean your scalp thoroughly to remove all of the excessive flakes.

– Eat foods or supplements contain zinc, B vitamins, and good fats such as omega-3 fatty acids.

– Massage your scalp with some herbal oils or home remedies using your fingertips to keep the blood circulation normal inside the scalp. Massage in a circular motion.

– Brush your hair regularly to rejuvenate the scalp and reduce the itching.

– Avoid improper use of hair styling and coloring products.

– Avoid washing your hair and scalp with hot water. This dries out your scalp.

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3 Responses

  1. March 12, 2010

    […] is a bothersome problem that many people face. Dandruff can develop on both too dry and too oily scalps. On dry scalp, dead skin cells from the scalp shed […]

  2. March 15, 2010

    […] your scalp from the inside. Lack of adequate amount of Omega 3 fatty acids can lead to dry scalp, dandruff, dry hair and hair […]

  3. August 29, 2010

    […] – Buildup of hair care and styling products: Applying too much hair products such as a hair conditioner or hair styling products causes buildup in hair and on the scalp and can lead to other problems such as dull hair and dandruff. […]

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